Troubleshooting and Maintenance Guide

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©Copyright 2013 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.

The information contained herein is subject to change without notice. The only warranties for HP products and services are set forth in the express warranty statements accompanying such products and services. Nothing herein should be construed as constituting an additional warranty. HP shall not be liable for technical or editorial errors or omissions contained herein.

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The information in this document is subject to change without notice.

First Edition: September 2013

Document Part Number: 701334-002

Understanding hard disk drive space

The hard disk drive on the Hewlett-Packard

and Compaq computers with the

Microsoft® Windows® operating system

preinstalled may appear to be smaller than

the size stated in the product specifications,

in the documentation, or on the box. Hard

disk drives are described and advertised by

manufacturers in terms of decimal (base

10)capacity. Microsoft Windows and other programs, such as FDISK, use the binary (base 2) numbering system.

In decimal notation, one megabyte (MB) is

equal to 1,000,000 bytes, and one gigabyte

(GB) is equal to 1,000,000,000 bytes. In the

binary numbering system, one megabyte is

equal to 1,048,576 bytes, and one gigabyte

is equal to 1,073,741,824 bytes. Because

of the different measuring systems, you

may see a difference between the size

reported by Microsoft Windows and the size

advertised. The storage capacity of the

hard disk drive is as advertised.

Microsoft Windows reports smaller capacity

in the Windows Explorer tool and in the

computer window because it shows

information about one partition on the hard

disk drive at a time. One of the partitions

contains the system recovery information.

Note about systems configured with 4 GB

of memory

For computers with a 32-bit operating

system, all memory above 3 GB may not be

available because of system resource

requirements.

This limitation is not limited to HP and

Compaq systems. The memory above 3 GB

is used for system resources.

Confirming total memory

The system BIOS displays the full 4 GB of

installed memory.

1.Turn on the PC.
2.Press F10. The BIOS menu is displayed. Confirm the Total Installed Memory.

image1Table of contents

1 Protecting your computer  1

Computer security features  1

2 Troubleshooting  2

Computer does not start  2

Power  3

Display (monitor)  3

Keyboard and mouse (with cable)  3

Keyboard and mouse (wireless)  4

Speakers and sound  5

Internet access  5

Software troubleshooting  6

3 System recovery  8

Choosing a system recovery method  8

System recovery options  8

Recovery media  10

4 Maintenance  12

Schedules and tasks  12

Keeping the computer free of dust, dirt, and heat  12

Cleaning the computer and monitor  12

Cleaning the computer vents  13

Cleaning the keyboard and mouse  13

Cleaning the touch screen (select models only)  13

iii

iv

1image2Protecting your computer

Your computer contains features that help protect the integrity of your system and its data from unauthorized access. Review these features to ensure proper use.

Computer security features

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Computer risk

Computer feature

Unauthorized use of the computer or

User password

user account

A password is a group of characters that you choose to secure computer information.

Unauthorized access to Setup Utility,

Administrator password

BIOS settings, and other system

identification information

Computer viruses

Antivirus software

The free trial antivirus software that is preinstalled on your computer can detect most viruses,

remove them, and, in most cases, repair damage caused by viruses. For protection against new

viruses beyond the trial period, purchase an extended update service.

Unauthorized access to data and

Firewall software

ongoing threats to the computer

Windows includes firewall software preinstalled on the computer.

The antivirus software, which is preinstalled on the computer, includes firewall software.

Windows critical security updates

Microsoft continually updates the Windows operating system.

Computer security features  1

2image4Troubleshooting

Refer to the documentation provided by the product manufacturer for information about peripheral-specific problems, such as issues with a monitor or a printer. The following tables present some issues you might encounter while installing, starting up, or using your computer and possible solutions.

For more information or for additional troubleshooting options, see the Quick Setup Guide that accompanies your computer, or visit http://www.hp.com/go/contactHP and search for your computer model.

Computer does not start

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Symptom  Possible solution

image6

Error message: Hard disk drive error.

Restart the computer.

1.Press the Ctrl+Alt+Delete keys on the keyboard simultaneously.
2.Select the Power icon in the lower-right corner of the screen, and then select Restart.

Or, press and hold the Power button on the computer for 5 or more seconds to turn off the computer, and then press the Power button to restart the computer.

3.If Windows opens, immediately back up all important data to a backup hard disk drive.
4.Contact Support, whether it was possible or not to start up Windows.

Either the hard disk drive or the system board may need to be replaced.

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Computer will not turn on or start.

Computer seems to be locked up and is not responding.

Ensure that the cables connecting the computer to the external power source are plugged in properly. When the cables connecting the computer to the external power source are plugged in properly, and the wall outlet is functioning, the green power supply light on the back of the computer should be on; if it is not, contact Support.

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If the display (monitor) is blank, the monitor might not be properly connected. Connect the monitor to the computer, plug it in, and turn it on. See Display (monitor) on page 3.

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Test the wall outlet by connecting a different electrical device to it.

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Use the Windows Task Manager to close any programs not responding, or restart the computer:

1.Press the Ctrl+Alt+Delete keys on the keyboard simultaneously.
2.Select Task Manager.
3.Select the program that is not responding, and then click End task. If closing programs does not work, restart the computer:

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1.Press the Ctrl+Alt+Delete keys on the keyboard simultaneously.
2.Select the Power icon in the lower-right corner of the screen, and then select Restart.
2Chapter 2 Troubleshooting

Or, press and hold the Power button on the computer for 5 or more seconds to turn off the computer, and

then press the Power button to restart the computer.

Error message:

When drive activity stops, remove the disc and press the spacebar on the keyboard. The computer should start

Invalid system disk

up.

or Non-System disk

or Disk error.

Power

image12

Symptom

Possible solution

Computer does not

Press and hold the Power button until the computer turns off. Check Power Settings.

turn off when the

Power button is

pressed.

Computer shuts

The computer might be in an exceedingly hot environment. Let it cool down.

down automatically.

Ensure that computer air vents are not blocked and that the internal fan is running — see Keeping the

computer free of dust, dirt, and heat on page 12. (Your computer might not have an internal fan.)

Display (monitor)

image13

Symptom

Possible solution

Screen is blank, and

Reconnect the power plug to the back of the monitor and to the wall outlet.

monitor power light is not

Press the Power button on the monitor.

lit.

Screen is blank.

Press the space bar on the keyboard or move the mouse to make the screen display visible again.

Press the Sleep button (select models only), or Esc on the keyboard, to resume from Sleep mode.

Press the Power button to turn on the computer.

Inspect the monitor video connector for bent pins:

If any of the pins are bent, replace the monitor connector cable.

If no pins are bent, reconnect the monitor connector cable to the computer.

Images on the screen are

Adjust the monitor resolution setting in Windows:

too large or too small, or

1.

Right-click an empty area of the desktop, and then click Screen resolution.

the images are fuzzy.

2.

Select the resolution from the drop-down menu.

3.

Click Apply, and then click Keep changes.

image14

NOTE:  In addition to the information listed here, also refer to the documentation that came with your monitor.

image15

Keyboard and mouse (with cable)

image16

Symptom

Possible solution

Keyboard commands

Use the mouse to turn off the computer, unplug and reconnect the keyboard to the back of your computer,

and typing are not

and then restart your computer.

recognized by the

computer.

image17

Mouse (with cable) does not work or is not detected.

Unplug and reconnect the mouse cable to your computer.

image18

If the mouse is still not detected, turn off the computer, unplug and reconnect the mouse cable, and then restart the computer.

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Power  3

Symptom

Possible solution

Cursor does not move

Press Num Lock on the keyboard to turn off Num Lock, so that the arrow keys on the number keypad can be

using the arrow keys on

used.

the number keypad.

Cursor does not respond

Use the keyboard to save changes in all open programs, and then restart your computer:

to mouse movement.

1.

Press the Alt+Tab keys simultaneously to navigate to an open program.

2.

Press Ctrl+S simultaneously to save your changes in the selected program (Ctrl+S is the keyboard

shortcut for Save on most—not all—programs).

3.

Repeat step 1 and step 2 to save changes in all open programs.

4.

After saving changes in all open programs, press the Power button to turn off the computer.

5.

After the shutdown is complete, unplug and reconnect the mouse connector to the back of your

computer, and then restart your computer.

image20

Keyboard and mouse (wireless)

image21

Symptom  Possible solution

image22

Wireless keyboard or mouse does not work or is not detected.

Ensure that you are using the wireless keyboard or wireless mouse within range of the receiver, approximately 10 meters (32 feet) for normal use, and within 30 cm (12 inches) during initial setup or for re-synchronization.
Ensure that the mouse is not in Suspend mode, which occurs after 20 minutes of inactivity. Click the left mouse button to reactivate it.
Replace the batteries in the keyboard and mouse.
Re-synchronize the keyboard and mouse to the receiver using the following steps.

image23

The receiver, wireless keyboard, and wireless mouse shown in the following illustrations are examples; your models might vary. IMPORTANT: During these steps, place the wireless keyboard and wireless mouse on the same level as the receiver, within 30 cm (12 inches) of the receiver, and away from interference from other devices.

image24

1.Unplug the receiver from a USB connector on the computer, and then reconnect it. Your computer model might have a connector dedicated to the receiver. If you have a choice, use a USB connector on the front of the computer.
2.Check that the mouse is on (A), and push and hold the Connect button (B) on the underside of the mouse for 5 to 10 seconds until the LED on the receiver lights or stops flashing. The receiver connection session times out after 60 seconds. To ensure that the connection was established, and that the receiver did not time out instead, move the mouse and check for response on the screen.
3.After the mouse connection is established, continue by using the steps that follow to repeat the procedure for the keyboard.
4.Push and hold the Connect button (C) on the underside of the keyboard for 5 to 10 seconds until the LED on the receiver lights or stops flashing.

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4Chapter 2 Troubleshooting

Speakers and sound

image26

Symptom  Possible solution

image27

Volume is very low or unsatisfactory.

Ensure that you connected the speakers to the Audio Out (lime green) connector on the back of the computer. (Additional audio connectors are used for multiple-channel speakers.) Detached non-powered speakers (speakers without a separate power source, such as batteries or a power cord) do not produce satisfactory sound. Replace the non-powered speakers with powered speakers.

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No sound is produced.  1. From the Start screen, type control panel, select Control Panel, and then select System and Security.

2.Under Action Center, select Troubleshoot common computer problems, and then select Troubleshoot audio playback.

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If you use a High-Definition Multimedia Interface (HDMI) connector on the graphics card (select models only) to connect your monitor to the computer, you should also connect analog speakers to the computer Audio Line Out connector if you want to hear sound during the initial setup of the computer. Refer to the Quick Setup booklet to connect analog speakers.

image30

If you are using built-in monitor speakers, use the monitor front-panel Volume button to adjust volume. Use the front-panel buttons to enter the on-screen display (OSD) and ensure that audio is enabled and that the volume is set appropriately.

image31

Ensure that you connected powered (active) speakers and that they are turned on.

image32

Turn off your computer, and then unplug and reconnect the speakers. Ensure that the speakers are connected to an audio connector, not a Line In or headphone connector.

image33

To resume from Sleep mode, press the Sleep button (select models only), or press Esc.

image34

Unplug headphones if they are connected to your computer (or speaker system).

image35

Internet access

image36

Symptom

Possible solution

Internet programs do not

Log in to your ISP, and start the desired program.

start automatically.

image37

I cannot connect to the Internet.

1.From the Start screen, type control panel, and then select Control Panel.
2.Under Network and Internet, select Connect to the Internet.

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Verify that you are using the proper cables for your Internet connection type. Your computer might have a dial-up modem and an Ethernet network adapter (also called a network interface card, or NIC). A modem uses a standard telephone cable, whereas the network adapter uses a network cable, to connect to a local area network (LAN). Do not connect a telephone cable to the network adapter, and do not plug a network cable into a telephone service line; doing so might damage the network adapter.

image39

Run the wireless setup wizard:

1.From the Start screen, type control panel, select Control Panel, select Network and Internet, and then select Network and Sharing Center.
2.In the Network and Sharing Center window, select Set up a new connection or network to open the wizard, and then follow the on-screen instructions.

image40

If your system has an external antenna, try to move the antenna to a better position. If the antenna is internal, try to move the computer.

image41

Try to connect again later, or contact your Internet service provider (ISP) for assistance.

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Speakers and sound  5

Software troubleshooting

image43

Symptom

Possible solution

To repair software

Turn the computer off completely and then turn it on again. This is the easiest (and sometimes the best) way.

problems, try these

Update the drivers (see Updating device drivers, following).

methods:

Use Microsoft System Restore Software program and hardware driver reinstallation (see Microsoft System

Restore, later in this table). — Restores your computer to a configuration that was in use before the software

was installed.

Reinstall the software program or hardware driver (see Software program and hardware driver reinstallation,

later in this table). — Restores the software (if it came with the product) or hardware driver to factory defaults.

System recovery (see System recovery on page 8) — Erase and reformat the hard disk drive, and then

reinstall the operating system, programs, and drivers. This erases all data files you have created.

Updating device

Complete the following procedure to update a driver, or to revert to an earlier version of the driver if the new one

drivers

does not solve your problem:

1.

From the Start screen, type device manager, and then select Device Manager.

2.

Select the arrow to expand the type of device you want to update or roll back. (For example, DVD/CD-ROM

drives.)

3.

Double-click the specific item (for example, HP DVD Writer 640b).

4.

Select the Driver tab.

5.

To update a driver, select Update Driver, and then follow the on-screen instructions.

Or, to revert to an earlier version of a driver, select Roll Back Driver, and then follow the on-screen

instructions.

Microsoft System

If you have a problem that might be due to software that was installed on your computer, use System Restore to

Restore

return the computer to a previous restore point. You can also set restore points manually.

NOTE: Always use this System Restore procedure before you use the System Recovery program.

Some features might not be available on systems that are shipped without a version of Microsoft Windows.

To start a system restore or to add restore points manually:

1.

Close all open programs.

2.

From the Start screen, type control panel, and then select Control Panel.

3.

Select System and Security, select System, and then select System protection.

4.

Select the System protection tab on the System Properties screen.

5.

Follow the on-screen instructions.

6Chapter 2 Troubleshooting

image44Symptom  Possible solution

image45

Software program and hardware driver reinstallation

If any of your factory-installed software programs or hardware drivers are damaged, you can reinstall it by using the HP Recovery Manager program (select models only).

NOTE: Do not use the HP Recovery Manager program to reinstall software programs that came on CDs or DVDs included in the computer box. Reinstall these programs directly from the CDs or DVDs.

Before you uninstall a program, be sure you have a way to reinstall it. Check to be sure that it is still available from where you initially installed it (for example, discs or the Internet). Or check to be sure that the program is in the list of programs you can reinstall from the HP Recovery Manager.

NOTE: Some features might not be available on systems that are shipped without a version of Microsoft Windows.

image46

To check the list of installable programs or to reinstall a program in the HP Recovery Manager:

1.From the Start screen, type recovery, and then select HP Recovery Manager. If prompted, click Yes to allow the program to continue.
2.Select Drivers and Applications Reinstall. A list of programs opens. Check whether your program is there. To uninstall a program:

image47

1.Close all software programs and folders.
2.From the Start screen, type control panel, and then select Control Panel.
3.Under Programs, select Uninstall a program.
4.Select the program you want to remove, and then select Uninstall.

image48

Software troubleshooting  7

3image49System recovery

System Recovery completely erases and reformats the hard disk drive, deleting all data files you have created, and then reinstalls the operating system, programs, and drivers. However, you must reinstall any software that was not installed on the computer at the factory. This includes software that came on media included in the computer accessory box, and any software programs you installed after purchase.

image50image51image52image53 NOTE:  Always use the System Restore procedure before you use the System Recovery program —

image54

see Microsoft System Restore under Software troubleshooting on page 6.

Some features might not be available on systems that are shipped without a version of Microsoft Windows.

image55

Choosing a system recovery method

You must choose one of the following methods to perform a system recovery:

Recovery Image — Run System Recovery from a recovery image stored on your hard disk drive. The recovery image is a file that contains a copy of the original factory-shipped software. To perform a System Recovery from a recovery image, see System recovery from the Windows Start screen on page 8

image56image57image58image59 NOTE:  The recovery image uses a portion of the hard disk drive that cannot be used for data

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storage.

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Recovery Media — Run System Recovery from recovery media that you create from files stored on your hard disk drive or purchased separately. To create recovery media, see Creating recovery media on page 10.

System recovery options

You should attempt a system recovery in the following order:

1.Through the hard disk drive, from the Windows Start screen.
2.Through the hard disk drive, by pressing F11 on the keyboard during system startup.
3.Through recovery media that you create.
4.Through recovery discs purchased from HP Support. To purchase recovery discs, visit http://www.hp.com/go/contactHP.

System recovery from the Windows Start screen

CAUTION: System Recovery deletes all data and programs you created or installed. Back up any important data to a removable disc or USB flash drive.

image62image63

If the computer is working and Windows is responding, use these steps to perform a system recovery.

1.Turn off the computer.
2.Disconnect all peripheral devices from the computer except the monitor, keyboard, and mouse.
3.Turn on the computer.
8Chapter 3 System recovery
4.From the Start screen, type recovery, and then select HP Recovery Manager. If prompted, click Yes to allow the program to continue.
5.Select Windows Recovery Environment.
6.Follow the on-screen instructions.

image64image65image66image67 NOTE:  If your system does not detect a recovery partition, it prompts you to insert recovery

image68

media. Insert the disc or USB flash drive, select Yes, and then click Next to restart the computer and run HP Recovery Manager from the recovery disc or USB flash drive. If using discs, insert the next system-recovery disc when prompted.

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7.When the recovery is complete, turn off the computer, reconnect all peripheral devices, and turn the computer back on.

System recovery at system startup

CAUTION: System Recovery deletes all data and programs you created or installed. Back up any important data to a removable disc or USB flash drive.

image70image71

If Windows is not responding, but the computer is working, follow these steps to perform a system recovery.

1.Turn off the computer. If necessary, press and hold the Power button until the computer turns off.
2.Disconnect all peripheral devices from the computer, except the monitor, keyboard, and mouse.
3.Press the Power button to turn on the computer.
4.As soon as you see the initial company logo screen appear, repeatedly press F11 on your keyboard until the Windows is Loading Files message appears on the screen.
5.Select Windows Recovery Environment.
6.Follow the on-screen instructions.
7.When the recovery is complete, turn off the computer, reconnect all peripheral devices, and turn the computer back on.

System recovery from recovery media

CAUTION: System Recovery deletes all data and programs you created or installed. Back up any important data to a removable disc or USB flash drive.

image72image73

To create recovery media, see Creating recovery media on page 10.

To perform a system recovery using recovery media:

1.If the computer is working, create a backup DVD or backup USB flash drive containing all the data files you want to save, and then remove the backup media from the drive tray.
2.If using recovery DVDs, insert recovery disc #1 into the DVD drive tray, and close the tray. If using a recovery USB flash drive, insert it into a USB port.
3.If the computer works, from the Start screen, move your cursor to the lower-right corner of the screen to display the charms toolbar, select Settings, select the Power icon, and then select Shut down. Or, if the computer is not responding, press and hold the Power button for approximately 5 seconds, or until the computer turns off.
4.Disconnect all peripheral devices from the computer except the monitor, keyboard, and mouse.

System recovery options  9

5.Press the Power button to turn on the computer. If you are using a recovery DVD, the computer automatically runs HP Recovery Manager from the disc. Skip to step 7.
6.If you are running System Recovery from a USB flash drive, press Esc as the computer is powering on to bring up the boot menu. Use the arrow keys to select the USB device and press Enter to boot from that device.
7.If you are prompted to choose between running System Recovery from media or from hard drive, select media, and then click Next.
8.Select Factory Reset.
9.Follow the on-screen instructions.

Recovery media

Recovery media can be created on either blank DVD discs or a USB flash drive (one or the other, but not both). Create recovery media from the recovery image stored on your hard disk drive. This image contains the operating system and software program files that were originally installed on your computer at the factory. You can create only one set of recovery media for your computer, and the media can be used only with this computer. Store the recovery media in a safe place.

image74image75image76image77 NOTE:  Some features might not be available on systems that are shipped without a version of

image78

Microsoft Windows.

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Choosing recovery media

To create recovery discs, your computer must have a DVD writer, and you must use only high-quality blank DVD+R or DVD-R discs.

image80image81image82image83 NOTE:  You cannot use CDs or DVD+RW, DVD-RW, DVD+RW DL, DVD-RW DL, DVD+R DL,

image84

or DVD-R DL discs to create recovery discs.

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If you are creating recovery discs, be sure to use high-quality discs to create your set of recovery discs. It is normal for discs to be rejected if they are not defect-free. You will be prompted to insert a new blank disc to try again.
The number of discs in the recovery-disc set depends on your computer model (typically 1–3 DVD discs). The Recovery Disc Creator program will tell you the specific number of blank discs needed to make the set.
You may choose to create a recovery USB flash drive instead, using a high-quality blank USB drive. If you are using a USB flash drive, the program will tell you the size of the drive required to store all the data (minimum of 8 GB).

image86image87image88image89 NOTE:  The process of creating recovery media takes some time to verify that the information

image90

written on the media is correct. You can quit the process at any time. The next time you run the program, it will resume where it left off.

image91

Creating recovery media

To create recovery discs:

1.Close all open programs.
2.From the Start screen, type recovery, and then select HP Recovery Manager. If prompted, click Yes to allow the program to continue.

10  Chapter 3  System recovery

3.Select Recovery Media Creation, select Create recovery media using blank DVD(s), and then select Next.
4.Follow the on-screen instructions. Label each disc as you make it (for example, Recovery 1, Recovery 2).

To create a recovery USB flash drive:

1.Close all open programs.
2.Insert the USB flash drive into a USB port on the computer.
3.From the Start screen, type recovery, and then select HP Recovery Manager. If prompted, click Yes to allow the program to continue.
4.Select Recovery Media Creation, select Create recovery media with a USB flash drive, and then select Next.
5.Select the USB flash drive from the list of media. The program lets you know how much storage is required to create the recovery drive. If the USB flash drive does not have enough storage capacity (8 GB is the minimum), it is grayed out on the screen. Click Next.

image92NOTE:  Recovery Media Creation formats the flash drive and deletes all on files on it.

image93image94image95image96

6.Follow the on-screen instructions. Be sure to label the USB flash drive and store it in a secure place.

image97image98image99image100 NOTE:  Do not use media cards for creating recovery media. The system may not be able to

image101

boot up from a media card and you may not be able to run system recovery.

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Recovery media  11

4image103Maintenance

It is important that you perform simple maintenance of your computer to ensure that it works at peak performance.

Schedules and tasks

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Follow these instructions at the recommended intervals for proper maintenance.

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Weekly

Software cleanup

Use the Windows cleaning tool or safe third-party cleaning tools to remove junk

files and temporary files that accumulate and slow down your system. Also, check

for programs you no longer need and uninstall them.

Defragmenting and

Use the Windows tool to defragment and optimize your hard drive to keep your

optimizing

hard disk in good condition and improve system performance. Frequently

performing this task does not harm your system.

Virus scan

Perform a full virus scan every week to catch viruses that might have slipped

through unnoticed. Most antivirus products have a scheduling feature to keep

track of this automatically.

Monthly

Hardware cleanup

Thoroughly clean the inside and outside of your computer.

Software updates

Use Windows Update to fix operating system bugs and improve performance.

Also, be sure to check for driver updates for your hardware and new versions of

your favorite programs.

Windows Update

Run Windows Update monthly to install updates.

Yearly

System Recovery

In time, your system might still get bogged down, depending on the computer

usage. Use System Recovery to wipe your Windows operating system installation

clean, restoring it to the original configuration when you first started your system.

Make a backup of important data files before proceeding with a System

Recovery. See System recovery on page 8 for further details.

As needed

Backing up your data

Use CD or DVD recording software that is installed on your computer to create

(or “burn”) backup discs of important information, including personal files, e-mail

messages, and website bookmarks. You can also move data to an external hard

disk drive.

Keeping the computer free of dust, dirt, and heat

Keeping your computer system free of dust, dirt, and heat will prolong its life. Dust, pet hair, and other particles can build up, creating a blanket effect; as a result, components can overheat, or, in the case of the keyboard and mouse, not work smoothly and effectively. Check your system once a month for visible signs of dust and debris, and clean it about once every three months. Visit http://www.hp.com/ go/contactHP for additional cleaning instructions.

Cleaning the computer and monitor

Follow these steps to clean the computer and monitor:

12  Chapter 4  Maintenance

1.Unplug the power to the computer and the monitor.
2.To clean the monitor screen, use a clean, dry cloth. Do not use water on the monitor screen. For more thorough cleaning, use a clean cloth and antistatic screen cleaner.
3.Use a clean, dry cloth to dust the computer case and the monitor case.

image106image107image108image109 NOTE:  To remove sticker residue or a spill on the computer or monitor case, use isopropyl

image110

(rubbing) alcohol and a lint-free cloth.

image111

Cleaning the computer vents

Air vents keep the computer cool. Keep these vents clean by using a small, battery-powered vacuum cleaner. (A battery-powered vacuum cleaner eliminates the risk of electric shock.)

1.Vacuum the vents on the computer case.
2.Remove any debris that has accumulated in and around the computer connectors (for example, the Ethernet and USB connectors).

Cleaning the keyboard and mouse

When cleaning the keyboard keys, use a low setting on a battery-powered vacuum cleaner, to avoid removing key caps and springs.

1.Vacuum between the keys of the keyboard and along the grooves.
2.Use a clean, dry cloth and isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol to clean buildup on the keyboard keys and along its edges.
3.Wipe the body of the mouse and the mouse cord by using cleaning wipes.

If you have a roller-ball mouse, clean the ball and rollers inside:

1.Turn the mouse upside down, and rotate the ball-cover ring counterclockwise to remove the ring and release the roller ball.
2.Rinse the roller ball with soap and warm water.
3.Clean the rollers inside the mouse with a cotton swab dampened with isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol.
4.After the roller ball and rollers are completely dry, replace the ball and ball-cover ring.

Cleaning the touch screen (select models only)

CAUTION: Do not spray or place the cleaner directly on the screen; spray the cleaner into the cloth, and then wipe the sides and surface of the touch screen.

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Do not use an abrasive cleaner or cloth when cleaning the sides or the surface of the screen, because this could cause damage to the touch screen.

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Follow these steps to clean the touch screen:

1.Turn off the computer. From the Start screen, move your cursor to the lower-right corner of the screen to display the charms toolbar, and then select Settings. Select the Power icon, and then select Shut down.
2.Disconnect the power cord from the wall.

Cleaning the computer vents  13

3.Spray a small amount of mild glass cleaner on a soft cloth to clean the touch screen.
4.Wipe the surface and left and right side of the touch screen to remove any dirt, fingerprints, or other debris that could hinder the touch recognition of the screen.

14  Chapter 4  Maintenance

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